Atherton Tablelands History
The Atherton Tablelands rises from 500 metres to 1100 metres above sea level. These altitude variations give the area its appealingly cool tropical climate. A welcome respite from the heat of the Cairns coastal regions. You will find the Atherton Tablelands History fascinating.
From the stunning rainforest to rolling country hills
Lush rainforest once covered the region. However, over the generations, these areas have been repurposed. They have adapted to pastoral, cropping and residential activity. Some protected remnants of the rainforest survive in national parks enclaves.
There are marked differences across the Tablelands between seasons and between areas. The high rainfall mountains of the coastal ranges are to the east. To the south lies the green dairy country. Out to the west, you will find the open savannah.
Such topographical and climate diversity in a small region is unique. You can see this in the cultural differences displayed in the activities of each of its small communities. It is, therefore, fascinating to explore and experience.
The early settlers
The early European incursion into the area involved the Irish-born explorer and prospector James Mulligan (1875). Closely followed by John Atherton (1877) after who one of the region’s two main towns is named.
It was initially explored for its mining potential of tin and gold. One of the longest surviving industries became the mining of red cedar and other rainforest trees.
This activity supported many logging communities throughout the area. The cleared land eventually made way for the establishment of farming pursuits and the community centres they endorsed.
Agriculture and pastoral continue to be the prime economic drivers of the Atherton Tablelands, followed closely by tourism.
The Chinese were early settler pioneers in Atherton. They rushed from the remote northern Palmer River goldfields. Digging wells for irrigation and setting up market gardens to support the new settlements.
They were the region’s early pioneers of agriculture. Including starting dairying and establishing a wide range of support services. Such as medical, general merchandising and food supply.
Their influence was a cornerstone of the region’s development. From the late 1880s into the early decades of the 20th century but is relatively unsung today.
You can explore vestiges of the town’s Chinese past at Hou Wang Chinese Temple and Museum.
Discover an ancient culture
In addition to its incredible beauty, the Atherton Tablelands has a diverse and exciting history. The region has a strong indigenous history. Evoking traditional Aboriginal land use and culture is maintained to varying degrees today.
More than a dozen Aboriginal tribes who thrived on rainforest animals, fish and lush vegetation called these mountains home. They were forced to retreat to make way for the region’s more recent settlers.
Perfect conditions for farming
The fertile, red soil and elevation provide the ideal environment for producing crops and raising cattle.
The Tablelands are regarded as the tropical food bowl of Queensland. Produce grown today includes banana, sugar cane, corn/maise, avocados, strawberries, macadamia nuts and mangoes and citrus — much of the annual harvest exported to overseas markets.
Dairying, beef cattle and poultry farming remain vigorous activities. However, the dominant and lucrative tobacco industry is no longer.
Coffee is widely grown and the region. Renowned for its development of biodynamic dairy products, including milk cheese and yoghurt.